Ceramics and Composite Materials

Ceramics are special type of materials because of their properties such as high melting points, low electrical and thermal conductivity, and high compressive strengths with good thermal and chemical stability. They are typically hard, strong and chemically non-reactive. Ceramic materials are neither metallic nor organic that can be oxides, carbides, nitrides, sulphides, oxynitrides, oxicarbides, oxyfluorides, etc. Ceramic Materials may be of glassy or crystalline nature, it has its usage in electronics depending upon their composition as superconducting, semiconducting, ferroelectric or insulator. Ceramics also has its application in fiber optics, chemical sensors, imaging devices, artificial joints etc. Advanced ceramics are used primarily in optical, electronic, electrical and magnetic applications. Advanced Ceramics can further be classified into functional ceramics, magnetic cermaics and Bioceramics. Composite materials are formed by two or more materials with different individual chemical and physical properties that combine to produce superior properties than the parent materials.

  • Traditional ceramics
  • Advanced ceramics
  • Magnetic ceramics
  • Piezo ceramics
  • Bioceramics
  • Functional ceramics
  • Electrical ceramics